The World’s Ancient Mummies Chronicle
The miraculous term of Mummy remain a myth to everyone.When we talk about mummies, people will will first think of the ancient Egypt mummy. In fact, mummies are found in every corners of the world. They are just hidden beside you!
Mummy Of Ancient Egypt
In fact, the ancient Egyptians believed there was a life after death. They also believed that every human being had a ka or spirit-self, and in the next world the body was needed to feed a person’s ka(soul). So they tried to preserve the body of a dead person in a life-like way. The dry heat of Egypt helped to preserve bodies. In addition, the Egyptians developed a special technique called mummification to preserve the bodies even longer.
How Egyptian Mummify a body
To mummify a body, specialist workers removed all the organs except heart and placed it in the canopic jars which would be kept together with the body. The heart was considered very important and was left inside to travel with the spirit. Often, a decorative encasing that resembles a beetle would protect the heart. Nevertheless, the brain would be shrunk and taken out through the nose.
After that, they dried out the rest of the body using a type of salt. The whole mummification process took about 70 days. When the body was completely dry, it was carefully wrapped in linen bandages and sealed inside a decorated coffin.
Mummies In Buddhist Cultures
Interestingly, the Egyptian was not the only people who preserved the bodies of their dead. Some Buddhist priests attempted to mummify themselves while they were still living. To accomplish this, the priest would go on a very strict diet for a period of three years. He would no longer eat such foods as rice, barley, or beans. As he began to lose weight, the priest would place large candles around his body and light them – in effect, the priest was drying out his body with the heat produced by the candles.
By the time the priest died of starvation, his body was practically mummified. To make sure that mummification was complete, the body was then placed in an underground tomb for 3 years before being dried out, one more time, by candles.
In fact, not all the mummies were all man-made. Sometimes, bodies can be preserved by a natural process of mummification. In hot, dry climates such as Egypt, central Asia and parts of Peru, bodies may become naturally mummified in the dry air. Another form of mummification is through freezing. Mammoth remains thousands of years old have been found in the frozen soils of Siberia, and fully clothed human bodies, hundreds of years old, have been found in Greenland and Alaska.
Peat bogs are also very good natural preserve of bodies. Mummified bodies buried for over 2000 years have been found in bogs in England, Ireland and Denmark.
Bogs provide an interesting burial environment. At first glance, a bog may look like solid ground, but it isn’t; it’s quite spongy and may feel as if it’s going to give way. That’s because, under the surface, a bog is made up of about 90 percent water. The water is filled with peat (decaying plant matter).
Although the bog mummies were buried below the surface, immersed in the bog water, their remains did not decay. Why? First, the bog-watery environment does not permit the growth of bacteria that will help decay flesh. Second, the bog water contains certain acids that act to tan the skin (much the same way as cowhide is tanned to produce leather). If the natural bacteria action is prevented and the skin is tanned, the conditions are right for producing a mummy.
However, much may also depend on the water table of the bog. Over thousands of years, it will raise and lower; the longer a bog mummy is above of the water table, the less well-preserved it may become over time. Many other factors may be involved, and scientists are still trying to understand the complete preservation process in a bog.
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